Murchison Falls Conservation Area covers an area of 5025km2 and it is perhaps the largest protected area in Uganda. This conservation area includes Murchison Falls National Park, Karuma Wildlife Reserve, Bugungu Wildlife Reserve, and Budongo forest in the south.
The altitude ranges from 619m at the delta on Lake Albert and 1.292m at Rabongo hill, River Nile (Victoria Nile) crosses through this Murchison conservation area to connect Lake Albert and Lake Kyoga. Murchison Falls National Park derived its name from the magnificent falls on the river-which plunges through a narrow cleft in the rift valley escarpment and turns into a a froth of thunderous white water-typically the best falls to visit in the walls of Africa. Murchison falls National Park features woodland, savannah and riverine forest vegetation.